Mental Health A-Z

Recidivism

When people re-offend after already being through the criminal justice system.

Recovery

“There is no single definition or description of recovery. Starting with the initial assumption that personal recovery is different for everyone, it is defined within this framework as ‘being able to create and live a meaningful and contributing life in a community of choice with or without the presence of mental health issues’”. As defined in: A national framework for recovery-oriented mental health services: Policy and theory (2013).

Restorative Justice

An approach that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders as well as the involved community. Victims take an active role in the process while offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions, by apologising or community service.

Restraint

When somebody’s movements are restricted by the use of straps or belts (physical restraint) or sedation (chemical restraint).